Are training costs tax deductible in the company?
Training costs could be disallowed as a business expense in calculating the company’s corporation tax liability. No tax relief would be given if the expenditure is not incurred wholly and exclusively for business
purposes. If the expenditure is part business and part private then no tax relief will be available. HMRC state (BIM47080):
“Where an employee or director of a company, on whom the expenditure is incurred, has a significant proprietary stake in the business or is a relative of those who do, there is obviously a much greater chance that
expenditure may have been incurred not, or not wholly, for business purposes but to provide the employee with some personal benefit.” They go on to give an example of the child of a director being paid university fees is not tax deductible in the company.
HMRC helpfully pose the question “In such cases it is often helpful to ask whether the expenditure would have been incurred on an otherwise unconnected employee doing the same job”. If the answer is no then the
expenditure should be disallowed in the tax computation of the company.
Are training costs taxable on the employee?
As a separate point, regardless of the outcome of the point on corporation tax, it has to be considered whether the training is taxable on the individual. In the first instance any such training (and related costs) would normally be a benefit in kind (taxable on the employee and subject to PAYE). However Section 250 ITEPA 2003 exempts work related training.
To meet this exemption the training must be paid for (or reimbursed) by the employer and must be “designed to impart, instill, improve or reinforce any knowledge, skills, or personal qualities which are, or are likely to prove, useful to the employee when performing his/her duties or will qualify or better qualify the employee to undertake the employment”.
The exemption does NOT apply if, or to the extent that, it’s purpose is to provide entertainment, reward or inducement.
If the training is partly work related and partly not, then an apportionment can be made. This is in contrast to the corporation tax deduction which is all or nothing.